What is Kidney Stones?
Kidney stones named as renal calculi are those formed up inside the kidney with different minerals and salts. Some stones are very tiny. You can pass them through your pee, but some get a large shape by joining together, and they can put you in trouble. Having a stone is the kidney that makes a lot of pain. Some researchers mentioned that this pain could be as equal to the childbirth pain. In the world, the most painful disease is having a stone in the kidney. Their size can increase up to a golf ball in the form of a beautiful structure. Now Question is How to prevent kidney stones?
Your kidney stone removes waste and fluid from the blood to make urine. Sometimes, when you have too much of that wastes and not get enough fluid in your blood to take out that waste, these wastes can build up and stick together in your kidneys and so These clumps of waste are called a kidney stone. Any person can get a kidney stone, but some people are more likely to have that than others to have them. Men get kidney stones more often than women do. Kidney stones are also more common in non-Hispanic in white people than in people of other ethnicity.
Types of Kidney Stones:
Kidney stones having different kinds. Some occur in men, some occur in women, and also happen in both. Types of kidney stones are mentioned below:
- Calcium oxalate
- Uric acid
Above all are the types of stones in the kidney. Below is some intro to these types. All of them are having a different ratio of occurrence.
1. Calcium Oxalate :
The most common type of kidney stones, having an occurrence ratio of 74 % in the kidney. It’s also the mixture of calcium phosphate and oxalate. Mostly it happens due to eating high Oxalate foods. Hence, eating less oxalate-rich foods can decrease its chances.
Some of those foods are mentioned below:
- Potato chips
If you are taking enough calcium in your body, it can decrease the kidney’s chance of stones.
2. Uric Acid :
Mostly occurs in men, formed up due to purines. It’s having more chances in those that are suffering from chemotherapy. Purines occur in such animals like fish, shellfish, and also meat. Its occurrence ratio is 3-10%. Hence, the leading cause is idiopathic.
Mostly occurring is females, names as infection stones. These stones can also be large or can be small. Hence, they produce infection in the kidney. Only handling the virus can stop these stones.
Kidney stones occur due to genetic disorders. They occur in both men and women. Hence, acid leaks from the kidney naturally.
All of the above types can be remove by naturally and also by having surgery. Sometimes small stones make pain, but they don’t need any surgery.
Kidney Stones Symptoms
Many ways that can show you that you have a stone in the kidney. Symptoms of having a stone start occurring by showing some signs. They don’t show up as soon as the stone moves in the kidney. All of kidney stones symptoms are mentioned below:
- Having high pain in back, below the ribs
- Waving pain
- Urination pain
- Changed color urine, pink or red
- Need to urinate again and again
- Less urine
- Blood in urine
- PUS in urine
Reasons for occurring:
Many reasons can cause a stone in the kidney. Different factors can increase the purpose of developing a stone. Some of them are mentioned below:
- Lack of water
- Calcium based anti-acid doses
- Had kidney stones in the past.
- Someone in your family has had kidney stones and cause you also.
- You follow a diet high in protein, sodium and or an excessive amount of sugar.
- You are overweight or obsess.
Above all are the reasons that can make a stone in the kidney. It can only be one reason, or they can all be the part of the creation of the stones.
Kidney Stones Risk factor:
The risk of having a kidney stone or can be formed up in the future are mentioned below. Different risk factors also provide you a way that you can get a kidney stone in the future.
- Being obese
- Some diseases
- Person having it
- Supplement of calcium
With all the factors, you can have a kidney stone. If the precautionary things were not taken, it could continually form in the kidney. Mostly these kidney stones occur in men more than women. However, we are also going to discuss about How to prevent kidney stones in this blog.
Kidney Stones Treatment:
There are mainly three types of Kidney Stones Treatments available in India. The following three are described in detail.
The first Kidney Stones treatment option is to shock wave lithotripsy. This treatment uses to shock waves to break up the stones of the kidney into small pieces. After the treatment, all the pieces of the kidney stone will be easily pass through your urinary tract. Stones come out from your body with your urine. Hence, this treatment takes 45 to 50 minutes and maybe done under general anaesthesia, which means you are asleep and cannot to feel pain.
The second treatment option is ureterostomy. This treatment is also done under general anaesthesia. All the doctor uses a long tool that shaped like a tube to find and also remove the stone or may to find and break the stone into small pieces. If they find the stone is small then the doctor may be able yo remove it easily. However, if it is large, so first it may need to broken into pieces. In this case, a laser can be used to break the stone inro pieces that are small enough to pass through your urinray tract.
The last Kidney Stones treatment one in some rare cases, a surgery refer as per cutaneous mephropathy is needed to remove the stone. During the surgery, a tube will be inserted directly into your kidney to remove the stone by surgery. You will need to be in the hospital for three to four days to have and recover from treatment and at least take one week rest at home.
Small tiny parts form kidney stones up, and they can be large or more modest in both forms. They can transfer through family genes, or they can appear later. By following the safety precautions, can also save you from having a kidney stone. Now question is How to prevent kidney stones? Hence, there are many precautions for it; some of them are mentioned below:
1. Stay Hydrated:
As much as you will drink the water, it will save you from kidney stones. Try to drink more than eight glass daily
2. Less Sodium:
Use fewer sodium products that will save you from the creation of stones. Some of the high sodium products are mentioned below:
- Sodium nitrate foods
- Baking soda usage.
3. Fewer Oxalate Foods:
Use those foods that are not having oxalate compounds. That will prevent you from having stones.
4. Avoid Animal Proteins:
Try to limit your meat. Meat has high proteins. And less usage will also save you from the kidney stones. Some of them are mentioned below:
If these are avoided, that will save you from the high proteins.
Don’t use supplements having these vitamins. That will be the highest cause of creating stones in the kidney.
Frequently Asked Question
Ques: Can a kidney stone form overnight?
Ans: No!! kidney stone cannot form overnight. Kidney stones don’t just appear out of nowhere. They start forming in your kidney for the month even can from years. Sometimes a stone form very quickly by in months but it cannot form overnight because stone takes time to form in the kidney.
Ques: Can kidney stone be mistaken for cancer?
Ans: 50 % of patients surveyed that the disease was first mistaken for very less serious conditions such as an infection in urine and kidney stones or can also respiratory problems,
The survey also revealed that 75% of patients showed that they have no signs of the disease before diagnosis. In 42.6% it was discovered incidentally. So not related to feeling well or kidney cancer.
Ques: Can alcohol cause kidney stone?
Ans: While the excessive consumption of alcohol can put someone at a greater risk for kidney stones. Moderate consumption has been shown that How to prevent kidney stones?. But research has shown that white wine, beer, and red wine may all help reduce a person’s risk for kidney stones when consumed at an only moderate rate.
Ques: Are kidney stones transmitted what cause kidney infections?
Ans: Approximately 45 per cent of the people who form kidney stones have a positive family history for the stone in the kidney. People with this also inherited trait often begin forming stones early in life.
- Hypercalciuria: The presence of large amounts of calcium in the urine.
- Hypocitraturia: It is too little citrate in the urine.
- Primary hyperoxaluria: it is the type I and type II.
Ques: Can stress can cause kidney stone?
Ans: Lifestyle strains with stress and yes!!! Stresses are a big cause of kidney stone formation. Often it combined with chronic dehydration. A high protein diet, or a diet high in oxalates, phosphates and other minerals, diet can also increase the risk of uric acid stones and kidney stone. If You are suffering from kidney stones than you must know How to prevent kidney stones?.
Ques: How to remove lower pole kidney stones?
Ans: There are some treatment that you can remove lower pole kidney stones. The pain associated with the frequent stone passage that can also have a major impact on a person’s life. Hence, current treatment options for lower pole stones are extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), retrograde intra-renal surgery (RIRS), and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL).
Ques: How to force a kidney stone to pass?
Ans: The best home remedies to pass the stone is to drink lots of fluids, especially such as plain water and citrus juices such as orange or grapefruit and can also add lemonade. The extra fluid causes you to urinate more, which helps to pass the stone move and keeps it from growing. You should aim for at least 2.5 to 3.5 quarts of water per day.
Kidney stones occur in men mostly as compared to women. They can be of any size ranging up to a golf ball. These stones can also be in the form of small pieces. Sometimes they pass through pee, but if they get larger, they cannot pass and start causing pain. Having stones in the kidney makes pain. It is consider the world’s most painful disease. Different reasons can cause a stone. But mostly they are due to dehydration. Calcium oxalate type of stones are mostly occurring type.
How to prevent kidney stones? Drinking more water can save you from having a stone because it will remove each and everything from your kidney. Also, you have to avoid some proteins high foods and supplements if you are taking them. It’s a genetic disease, so if someone in the family has an illness, it’s a chance that someone others will also have.