Nutrition Deficiency Diseases
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Types of Nutrition And Nutrition Deficiency Diseases:

Types of Nutrition:

Nutrients which every human body requires, not only the human body but animal and plants also lack nutrients. Hence, it is very necessary for all living beings to get nutrients to live their life. Otherwise, it will cause different Nutrition Deficiency Diseases. There are different types of body require different types of nutrition. These nutrients go into your body and then gets reacted with your body cells to form new tissues which make your body more fit and healthy.

Get Nutrition From Food:

You all may hear different types of nutrition, Undoubtedly, an individual can get these nutrients from food. Yes, the food which you eat provides various types of nutrition to your body. Even junk food, fast food does also have nutrients in it. Yes, it may harm you but in a very fewer amount of nutrients are present in such meals as well.

If a body does not have sufficient nutrients, then it starts suffering from dangerous diseases, that is not right for you. The primary condition is malnutrition.

Different Types of Nutrition:

A human body needs different types of nutrition, and also they get it from the food they eat. Apart from food, water also counts in the category of nutrition. Therefore, inadequate (inadequate meaning in Telugu is Sariponi) amount of different types of nutrition make your body unhealthy resulted in meaning ill body.

Deficiency of nutrients (nutrients meaning in Telugu is posada) also makes your body more pallor (pallor meaning in Hindi is Peelapan) where your body starts seeming like dull and ill. Even it also causes disease like jaundice.

To long strength life, different types of nutrition required. It is the only element which makes your body fit and healthy.

Seven Types Of Nutritions:

There is a total of seven types of nutrition which are necessary to get intake by a body.

We want to recommend you, eat different meals with different vegetables and also fruits regularly with grain bread. Therefore, they considered as most healthy and tastiest food, which provides all nutrients which your body needs. One can also download nutrients pdf from the internet to know more about it.

S.noTypes of Nutritions Description Food Products
1.Carbohydrates It plays a crucial role in the body as energy. Dairy products, fruits, grains, starchy vegetables, sugary sweets
2. FatsIt helps the vitamins to get dissolves. Avocado, Cheese, Dark Chocolate, Eggs, Fish, Nuts, Seeds, Coconut, Virgin Olive Oil, Yoghurt.
3. Fiber (Roughage) It helps in improving the digestive system and makes your body healthy. Oats, Green Vegetables, Seeds, Nuts, Quinoa, Fruit.
4. Minerals It also improves those functions of the body which do not works well in its original state. Nuts, Beans, Lentils, Green Leafy Vegetables, Salmon, Shellfish, Mushroom, Grain, Yogurt, Lamb, Avocado, Tofu, Dark Chocolate, Cocoa Powder, Cheese, Dry Fruits.
5. Proteins It helps to grow new tissues in a body as well as repairs it when muscles get damage. Eggs, Almonds, Chicken Breasts, Oats, Cottage Cheese, Yogurt, Broccoli, Milk, Tuna, Quinoa, Lentils, Pumpkin Seeds, Fish, Sprouts, Shrimps, Peanuts.
6. Vitamins The chemical process which occurs in a body can control by vitamins. Cod Liver Oil, Sweet Potato, Carrots, Black Eyed Peas, Spinach, Broccoli, Mango, Dried Apricots, Melon, Pumpkin, Tomato, Herring.
7. Water The most crucial factor of nutrient, which completes a body even it prevents any dangerous disease. 60% of the human body makes with water only. Watermelon, Strawberries, Cantaloupe, Peaches, Oranges, Skim Milk, Cucumber, Soups, Zucchini, Celery, Plain Yogurt, Tomatoes, Bell Peppers, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Grapefruit, Coconut Water, Cottage Cheese,

How to make your body healthy with all the necessary types of nutrients?

We want to recommend to you some best nutrients tips, by which you can make your body fit and healthy. It also prevents any hazardous disease.

  • Drink a lot of water. Water is good for health; it also prevents pores, acne, boost immune system in covid- 19, etc.
  • Do not consume much-intoxicated products such as alcohol, drugs, cigarette, etc.
  • Do not consume sugar and salt in much quantity
  • Always eat food in different qualities and amounts such as fresh green vegetables try other vegetables as well apart from green ones.
  • Eat fresh fruits, try to eat seasonal fruits as well
  • Always eat more whole grain products to increase strength in your body
  • Always eat meat, eggs, beans, seeds, nuts, dairy products for a variety in your daily meal. It also provides you all types of nutrition.
  • Consult a physician who consults your body and prescribed the best diet and medicine for your organization.

Top 10 types of nutritional deficiency + TYPES of Nutrition Deficiency Diseases:

Millions of people in developing nations are malnourished and also living on the rough edge of starvation. Nutritional deficiency is also called malnutrition in animals that result from a diet deficient in calories or other essential nutrients like (Fe, vitamins, Ca, Mg, etc.)

The following are the top 10 nutritional deficiencies + types of Nutrition Deficiency Diseases.


Nutrition Deficiency Diseases

Lack of iron is the most common Nutrition Deficiency Diseases in the world and also results in symptoms and clinical signs that are related to inadequate hemoglobin synthesis. Fe deficiency can result from

  • Dietary lack
  • Impaired absorption
  • Increased requirement
  • Chronic blood loss

Clinical features

  1. Fe deficiency causes anemia in humans
  2. When dominating signs and symptoms frequently relate to the underlying cause of anemia. For example, gastrointestinal or gynecologic disease, malnutrition, pregnancy, and malabsorption.
  3. In severe and long-standing iron deficiency, depletion of iron-containing enzymes in cells throughout the body also causes other changes.
    • Koilonychia
    • Alopecia
    • Atrophic changes in
      • Tongue
      • Inner stomach wall
      • Intestinal malabsorption.

IODINE Nutrition Deficiency Diseases:

Nutrition Deficiency Diseases

Iodine deficiency is a lack of trace element IODINE, an essential nutrient in the diet. Hence, it may result in a goiter, sometimes an endemic goiter. As well as madness due to untreated ingrained hypothyroidism, which results in developmental delay and health problems.

Clinical features

  • Fetus: Abortion, Stillbirth, Increased risk of perinatal death, Cretinism
  • Infant: Goiter, Hypothyroidism, Mental retardation, Intellectual impairment.
  • Child, adolescent: Goiter, Hypothyroidism, Impaired physical development
  • Adult: Goiter, Toxic multinodular goiter
  • Increased risk of iodine-induced hyperthyroidism.
  • Intellectual impairment


Vitamin A deficiency causes the following manifestation

  1. Night blindness or Nyctalopia
    • When visual activity diminished in dim light.
      • The patient cannot read or drive in poor light.
    • The dark adaptation time increased.
  2. Xerophthalmia:
    • When the conjunctiva becomes dry, thick, and wrinkled.
      • The conjunctiva gets keratinized and also loses its average transparency.
  3. Blind’s spot:
    • These are available as grayish-white triangular plaques firmly adherent to the conjunctiva.
  4. Keratomalacia:
    • When xerophthalmia lingers for a long time, it leads to keratomalacia.
  5. Preventable blindness:
    • The deficiency of vitamin A is the most common cause of blindness in Indian children below the age of 5.
  6. Skin and mucous membrane lesions:
    • Follicular hyperkeratinization or phrynoderma.


Vitamin B12 deficiency

Nutrition Deficiency Diseases


  • Nutritional
  • The decrease in the absorption of vitamin B12
  • Addisonian pernicious anemia
  • Gastric atrophy
  • Pregnancy
  • Fish Tapeworm.

Clinical features

  • Folate trap: vitamin B12 deficiency causes simultaneous folate deficiency due to folate trap.
  • Megaloblastic anemia: immature RBCs are formed.
  • Abnormal homocysteine levels: When homocysteine a metabolite is accumulated leading to homocystinuria
  • Demyelination: There is the deficient formation of the myelin sheath of nerves, demyelination, and also neurological lesions.
  • Achlorhydria: When Absence of acid in gastric juice combines with vitamin B12 deficiency.


Clinical features

  • Neurological manifestations: Vitamin B6 deficiency leads to demyelination of nerves and also consequent peripheral neuritis.
  • Dermatological manifestations: When vitamin B6 deficiency leads to niacin deficiency
  • Hematological manifestations: When hypochromic microcytic anemia may occur.


Nutrition Deficiency Diseases

Clinical features:

  • Infantile scurvy (Barlow’s disease)
  • Hemorrhagic tendency: When subcutaneous hemorrhage manifested as petechiae in mild deficiency and ecchymoses. It can also hematoma in severe conditions.
  • Internal bleeding: in severe case illness may occur in conjunctiva and retina.
  • Oral cavity: in severe cases, the gum becomes painful, swollen, and spongy, and finally, teeth loss.
  • Bones: When deficiency leads to the formation of osteoid.


The deficiency diseases are rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults.  Hence, vitamin D, also known as an anthracitic vitamin.

Clinical features

  • Rickets: It can see in children. Hence, there is insufficient mineralization of bone. Bones become soft and pliable.

Bone deformity.

  • Osteomalacia: the bones softened due to insufficient mineralization and increased osteoporosis.


Ca is present both intracellular and extracellular but mainly outside the body cell.

Factors regulating the blood calcium level

  • Vitamin D
  • Para thyroid hormone (PTH)
  • Calcitonin

Clinical features

  1. Decreased exposure to sunlight.
    • Malabsorption, dietary deficiency
    • Hepatic disease
    • Decrease kidney calcitriol synthesis
  2. Lack of parathyroid:
  3. Deficiency of Ca:
    • Intestinal malabsorption

Symptoms of Ca deficiency

  • Muscle cramps.
  • Paresthesia especially in fingers.
  • Muscle twitching
  • Tetany
  • Seizures
  • Bradycardia
  • Prolonged QT interval in ECG.


Nutrition Deficiency Diseases

Magnesium is the fourth maximum ample cation within the body and second maximum commonplace intracellular cation

Causes of magnesium deficiency

  1. Increased urinary loss
  2. Volume expansion
  3. Familial hypomagnesemia
  4. Increased intestinal damage:
  5. Diarrhea
  6. Laxatives
  7. Vomiting.
  8. Protein calorie malnutrition

Clinical features

  • It commonly available in hospital patients.
  • Neuro-muscular hyper-irritability.
  • Cardiac arrhythmias.
  • Oral therapy may lead to diarrhea.


Nutrition Deficiency Diseases

The total zinc content of the body is about 2 gm. Out of all 60% is in skeletal muscles and 30% in bones. Therefore, rich dietary sources are – grains, nuts, cheese, meat, and shellfish. —

Clinical features

  • Poor wound healing
  • Lesions of skin
  • Impaired spermatogenesis
  • Hyperkeratosis
  • Dermatitis
  • Alopecia

Acrodermatitis Enteropathica

It is a recessive condition where Zn absorption is defective and also characterizes by Acrodermatitis (Inflammation around mouth nose, fingers.)

  • Diarrhea
  • Alopecia (loss of hair in discrete areas)


Nutrition Deficiency Diseases

It is the most extensive nutritional deficiency in predominantly affecting children.

Clinical features


  • Age below one year
  • Deficiency of calories
  • The cause is early weaning and repeated infection.
  • Growth retardation is marked
  • Attitude is irritable and fretful
  • Appearance shrank with skin and bone only.

Kwashiorkor iodine-induced

  • Age 1 to 5 years.
  • Deficiency of protein
  • It can also causes are starchy diet after weaning, precipitated by an acute infection.
  • Growth retardation is present.  

Classification of Nutrition:

Nutrition are essential for a human body; it helps to keep it maintain fit and healthy. If an individual start consuming improper nutrients diet, then his body starts suffering from various kinds of diseases, and the primary condition is malnutrition and child wasting

Dieting can Cause Nutrition Deficiency:

Nowadays, the human gets start dieting (dieting meaning in Telugu is Ahara Niyantrana) which also leads to a deficiency of nutrients. Hence, they keep starving (starving meaning in Telugu is Akalito) for food. Thus, most of them become susceptible (Susceptible meaning in Telugu is Anumanaspadam) of nutrients. It also causes illness (illness meaning in Telugu Anorogyam) is to your body.

Try to improve your diet, eat a variety of food regularly so you will get every nutrient which your body requires. Thus, we assured you healthy diet result leads to positive health. We also to avoid from any Nutrition Deficiency Diseases.

Improper Diet and Shortage of Food:

Child wasting meaning refers to the less height and less weight development in a child due to improper diet and shortage of food. As a result, it finds in children under the age of five. Twenty-four developing countries have more than 10 percent rate of wasting, which shows a severe problem in all over the world.

What is Malnutrition?

Malnutrition is a stage where a body becomes thin. Its skin gets sticks to its bone; zero percent skin and also fat remains in your body to make your skin puffy. Even you also left with low strength. Malnutrition is a stage where a human body becomes fragile due to lack of nutrients as well as food.

Types of malnutrition diseases:

There are different types of malnutrition diseases which occurs due to malnutrition such as:


It occurs due to deficiency (deficiency meaning in Telugu is Lopam) of iron in a body. Generally, it only founds in a female body which causes an increase in need of pregnancy, menstrual cycle problem. Hence, to prevent this disease, we would like to recommend the consumption of vitamin C & B. Hence, let’s discuss more on this topic.

Classification of Anaemia

Hence, following we describe the classification of anemia has given:

Aplastic Anaemia:

In this disease, a body stops producing new blood cells. Hence, it has higher chances of infection with uncontrolled bleeding. It will make body fatigue. Fatigue in Hindi and tired in Hindi, also known as Thakaan, which means exhausted.

Iron Deficiency Anaemia:

It occurs due to deficiency of iron. Iron deficiency anemia ppt will describe each and everything related to it in brief. It comes under nutritional anemia (which occurs due to lack in nutrients)

Sickle Cell Anaemia

A stage where no more red blood cells left throughout in a body to carry oxygen.


A stage where less red blood cells and hemoglobin left in the body. Vitamin Deficiency Anaemia– It occurs when less red blood cells remain in your body with a reasonable number. It occurs due to deficiency of vitamin in the body

What is Marasmus?

Marasmus occurs due to deficiency in proteins and calories. It also causes weight loss, muscles loss, fat depletion in the human body, basically it finds in the children age between 5 to 15 years old. This disease also makes the child think and skinny by which bone structure starts appearing. Therefore, we want to recommend your consumption of proteins and calories in high amount.

What is Kwashiorkor?

It occurs due to deficiency of protein or poor diet of protein food. It causes swelling in body parts such as hands, feet, and also face gets swelled up. Hence, we want to recommend your consumption of proper protein diet.

Classification of Malnutrition:

You may see children from slum areas, and low-income families have a fragile body because they are suffering from malnutrition. Without a doubt, malnutrition causes many Nutrition Deficiency Diseases such as

  • Less strength in your body,
  • Less weight, short height,
  • Shortage of blood, etc.
  • It also welcomes other dangerous diseases to your body.  

Lacking nutrients also occurs due to dieting, more unhealthy food, fast and junk food, having an improper diet with fewer nutrients which your body requires.  First, we would like to suggest to you if any of you are facing this problem then start eating healthy. Hence, to prevent such Nutrition Deficiency Diseases, you need to consult from a doctor as well,


We want to recommend some other tips, which you may also add to your daily routine to get a healthy and fit body. Thus, it also helps you to stay in a slim shape.

  • You must consult a doctor or physician to get some prescribed healthy products for your body
  • In addition, Sleep properly to boost your nutrients.
  • You also require to drink an adequate amount of water to prevent diseases and get a sufficient amount of nutrients
  • Definitely, eat more vegetables and fruits daily
  • In Fact, you must also eat more pieces of bread to get nutrition from grains to avoid Nutrition Deficiency Diseases.
Mehak Gupta
Ms. Gupta, a certified Home Science student for three years, is also a freelancer and web designer. She is the owner of and loves to share her passion for helping others create their best lives possible without spending countless hours in the kitchen and gym. Follow Mehak on Instagram (@fitnesscomboo), Twitter ( @fitnesscomboo), Facebook ( @fitnessadvisercomboo) or contact her at [email protected]

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