Allergies Human Body

Water Borne Diseases Cause And Prevention

Water is one of the fundamental needs of all human beings. Water participates in almost all body functions like digestion, brain function, blood circulation, and various others. It also eliminates the body’s waste. Thus you should drinking water in optimum concentration regularly. Water borne diseases in India one of the most dangerous disease. However, It has both water borne diseases causes and prevention.

But these days the water pollution is increasing with each passing day. And with the increasing water pollution, getting waterborne disease has also increased in recent years. The sickness which occurs due to the consumption of contaminate water refers as waterborne diseases. Due to waterborne illness, millions of people lose their lives every year across the world. 

This article has listed some common water borne diseases causes and prevention; thus, read this article till the end.

Water Borne Disease Causes?

The waterborne disease occurs due to contaminated water drinking. However, here are some of the microbial causes of waterborne diseases.

1. Bactria:

Water supports life, and due to this reason, water becomes home to various kinds of bacteria such as E.coli. This bacteria is considered one of the most potential disease-causing bacteria. The reason to this, it secrets a toxic that affects the human intestine, resulting in anemia. 

2. Virus :

As we know, that virus is the connective link between the living and non-living things. The virus remains in an inactive condition until it reaches its host cell. Once the virus receives its host cell, it gets activated and affects the cells. The most common type of waterborne disease caused by the virus is Hepatitis A & E. 

3. Protozoa:

It is commonly found in microbes in water, although its size is larger than Bacteria and Virus. Consuming water contaminated by Protozoa leads to various health issues. However, the most common one is Cryptosporidium and Giardia.

How Can We Prevent Water-Related Diseases In India?

The waterborne disease can cure with the help of safe drinking water. The water which is entirely free from pollutants is considered safe drinking water. Previously getting safe drinking water was not easy, but bringing safe drinking water has become relatively easy due to technological advancements.

To get contamination-free water, you need to have a correctly working water purifier at your home. If you already have a water purifier, you can book your RO service to ensure that you have access to safe drinking water.

water borne diseases in india
Water Borne Diseases Images

The advancement in technology has increased the percentage of households in India. It provided with safe drinking water from 62% in 1991 to 86% in 2011. But still, there is some rural area where people do not have access to pure and healthy water. According to the WHO report, the number of waterborne diseases is high in rural areas than in urban areas.

Symptoms Of Waterborne Diseases:

The Symptoms of waterborne diseases in India vary depending on the disease

1.     A person with the waterborne disease has stomach cramps.
2.     That person feel uneasy.
3.     A person with the waterborne disease can have diarrhea.
4.     Feel like vomiting or stomach
5.     it can cause many other diseases such as cholera and many more.
6.     That person can not sleep properly( insomnia)
7.     They feel uneasy in their whole body.
8.     It can also increase their blood pressure.
If any person feels cramps in their stomach, feel like vomiting, and uneasy. Then it can be waterborne disease symptoms.

Role Of Water In Disease Transmission:

There are some role of water in disease transmission which is listed below.

1.      The microbiological quality of the drinking water can transmit the disease.
2.     It has been implicated in spreading important infectious in the body.
3.     it has more parasitic diseases that include hepatitis and many more.
4.      There are many waterborne diseases in India. It includes cholera, typhoid, dysentery, hepatitis, giardiasis, guinea worm.
5.      Many other diseases are associate with water in many other ways.
6.     If a person drinks not so purify water, then that water spread into the body and transmits disease in the whole body.

Use Water Purification System Avoid Waterborne Disease:

According to the report, by the end of 2024, water purifier sales will touch $4.1 billion. However still, in India, one people lose their lives due to waterborne disease in every four houses. India is the largest consumer of groundwater. 25% of the total groundwater consumption occurs in India. Hence, water borne diseases in india spread rapidly among the people who consume groundwater. 

Not all infected people lose their lives, but those who survive have weakened immune systems. As a result, they become prone to other health issues as our immune system protects us from getting sick. The victim of waterborne disease is child and old aged people. It is because their immune system does not perform well. 

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Frequency Asked Question:

Ques: Is cholera a waterborne disease?

Cholera is a diarrhoeal infection caused by food. or water ingestion contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae in the body. Cholera in a body remains a global threat to public health. And it is an indicator of inequity and lack of social development in the body. So yes, it is a water borne disease in India.

Ques: Is jaundice a waterborne disease?

This jaundice condition is contracted through contact with contaminated soil or water. and contact with the blood, urine, many other tissues of the animals. And some other living beings that have the disease. It is also called Yellow fever. This is not the water borne disease in India.

Ques: What are the classification of water-borne diseases?

Water borne diseases in India is classified into four groups. 

  • First Group A is diarrheal diseases.
  • Second Group B is parasitological diseases. 
  • Third Group C is skin diseases.
  • Last Group D eye diseases. 

These diarrheal, parasitological, and skin diseases were the most reported in a person’s body.

Ques: Is tuberculosis a waterborne disease?

The relevant pathogens may be viruses, bacteria, or can be fungi. Many common infections will spread by airborne transmission. and that are tuberculosis, influenza, smallpox in the body. In India, waterborne diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms. and the most transmitted through contamination by the freshwater.

Ques: Can you get malaria from drinking water?

 A big No – the parasite of malaria is not transmitted via saliva. The malaria parasite can only reproduce in your blood, and you can’t catch it by drinking pure water. There are many water borne diseases in India. , dirty water can carry other dangerous diseases but not malaria. Thus, it can catch such as yellow fever or typhoid.

Ques: Is hepatitis a waterborne disease?

Hepatitis is a broad term for inflammation disease of the liver. It has a large number of infectious and non-infectious causes of this disease. Two of these viruses that cause hepatitis in the body are hepatitis A and E. It can transmit in your body through water and food. Hygiene is essential in their control and can cause it.

Ques: Is cancer a waterborne disease?

Yes, we can say that the most substantial evidence for a cancer risk person. It involves arsenic is because of these. which is the link to the cancers of the liver. Waterborne disease in India that attack lung, bladder, and the kidney. The use of chlorine for water treatment to reduce the risk of infectious disease. It may account for a substantial portion of the cancer risk associated with drinking water.

Ques: Is dysentery a waterborne disease?

The intestinal infection of dysentery is a waterborne disease characterized by severe diarrhea. As well as the blood or mucus in the stool can cause dysentery. Dysentery is a good reason always to wash your hands before everything. This dysentery disease is spread through poor hygiene by the people.


Waterborne disease in India is prevalent because it includes many diseases. This disease’s symptoms above already mention what a person can face when they have waterborne disease. If you follow the water borne diseases causes and prevention that are already mentioned, then any person can easily fight this disease.

Mehak Gupta
Ms. Gupta, a certified Home Science student for three years, is also a freelancer and web designer. She is the owner of and loves to share her passion for helping others create their best lives possible without spending countless hours in the kitchen and gym. Follow Mehak on Instagram (@fitnesscomboo), Twitter ( @fitnesscomboo), Facebook ( @fitnessadvisercomboo) or contact her at [email protected]

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